1992年,台灣政府合法化了東南亞勞工的引進。國際移工的引進,除了對台灣的勞動力市場產生了影響,卻也為台灣勞 工與東南亞勞工開啟了多層面的互動。然而,來台灣的藍領移工必須忍受支付高額仲介費、不得自由轉換雇主、與本地勞工同工不同酬等不合理的制度與對待。把「管理」當成核心的台灣移工政策,剝奪了勞工的基本人權,儼然成為一個新的21世紀奴隸制度。這樣的制度讓藍領移工除了被當成廉價勞動力,也使他們成為本地勞工失業率與勞動條件下降的代罪羔羊,倍受社會羞辱、孤立與歧視,更造成了不同國籍勞動者間的分化和敵對,傷害了在同一條船上的勞動者的團結。

Taiwan legalized the entry of blue collar migrant workers from Southeast Asia in 1992. This action not only  impacted the Taiwan labor market, but also opened up contact between Taiwanese and Southeast Asian workers on multiple levels. These migrant workers coming to Taiwan suffer from high placement fees, lack of freedom to transfer between employers, unequal pay for equal work, etc. Taiwan’s migrant worker policies prioritize “management” as the main consideration. It deprives workers of their basic human rights, creating a new system of slavery in the 21st century.

The migrant workers used as cheap labor have also become the scapegoats for rising unemployment and the worsening of working conditions for local workers  in Taiwan. Migrant workers suffer from social stigma, isolation and discrimination. Furthermore, the system causes alienation and hostility between laborers of different nationalities, which is harmful to the solidarity of all workers who share one fate..

從台灣勞工運動的脈絡出發,體認所有勞動者利害皆相關,一群勞工運動組織者於1999年10月成立台灣國際勞工協會(Taiwan International Workers Association,簡稱TIWA),是全台第一個以國際移工為服務對象的民間組織。

Recognizing that the struggles of different worker groups are interrelated, a group of labor organizers with long experience in the Taiwan labor movement established the Taiwan International Workers Association (TIWA) in October 1999. TIWA is the first NGO in Taiwan dedicated to serving migrant workers.

協會成立以來,除了積極倡議勞工與移工權益,也發展移工自主組織,目前協助成立有菲律賓勞工團結組織(KASAPI)及印尼在台勞工聯盟(IPIT);同時,有鑑於台灣社會充斥的國族主義及文化偏見,積極辦理文化活動,以轉化台灣社會對於國際勞動者的認識,進而實踐尊重與平等的社會公義。

Aside from actively campaigning for labor rights, TIWA helps empower migrant workers to establish their own organizations. Over the past years, we have supported the establishment of the KApulungan ng SAmahang PIlipino (KASAPI) and the Ikatan Pekerja Indonesia Taiwan (IPIT). Furthermore, due to the prevalence of nationalism and cultural prejudice in Taiwanese society, we also organize cultural activities with the goal of transforming Taiwanese society’s image of international laborers and promoting mutual respect, social justice and equality.

2003年我們串連移工組織組成「家事服務法推動聯盟」,以民間立法的方式主張家事服務業勞工的勞動條件應有法律保障;2007年改名為「台灣移工聯盟(MENT)」,是台灣移工運動最重要的力量。

In 2003, we gathered together grassroots organizations concerned with migrant workers to form an umbrella organization called the “Promoting Alliance for the Household Service Act” (PAHSA). We advocate for domestic workers who work in private homes to have their labor rights protected by law. In 2007, PAHSA changed its name to the “Migrants Empowerment Network in Taiwan” (MENT). The alliance is the most important force promoting the migrant workers’ movement in Taiwan.

TIWA也積極參與本地工運與社運。包括,組織重大勞資爭議案件的勞工,對資方及政府進行權利保障的抗爭,例如,全國關廠工人連線、國道收費員自救會等抗爭;透過對家庭看護工勞權保障的堅持,參與台灣社會福利網的建制運動,提出「照顧正義」,在長期照顧政策上,強調不論照顧者或被照顧者,都不應該有任何一方被犧牲,政府應該承擔照顧責任。

TIWA participates in local labor and social movements,  including organizing the workers involved in  big labor disputes to fight against the capitalists and the government for their rights. For example, TIWA organized workers affected by factory closings and toll collectors.  By insisting on the protection of domestic workers’ working conditions, TIWA has joined the movement to form a social welfare system for long-term health care. We propose “justice in caring,” emphasizing that neither care-giver nor care-receiver should be sacrificed. The government should take responsibility for long term care.

我們認為,所有勞工的命運是相互關聯的,不分國籍,都應該享有平等的勞動條件保障與權利。TIWA致力於保障國際移工的勞權與人權,以及台灣移工制度的改革。

The concept behind TIWA is that all workers share the same fate, regardless of nationality, and should have equal protection of working conditions and labor rights. TIWA is committed to maintaining the labor and human rights of international migrant workers, as well as to the reform of the Taiwan migrant labor system.

我們的目標:

  1. 廢除私人仲介制度  強制政府對政府直接引進
  2. 立法保障家務工
  3. 移工得自由轉換雇主
  4. 取消藍領移工工作期限
  5. 移工要政策決定權

Our goals:

  1. Abolish the private broker system, implement Government-to-Government (G2G) direct hiring.
  2. Legal protection for domestic workers’ working conditions.
  3. Freedom to transfer between employers.
  4. Abolish the working and residence time limitation for blue collar migrant workers.
  5. Migrant workers should have the right to vote on policies that affect them.